The legendary Gerry Mulligan was one of
handful of musical giants who was extremely
influential as both a composer / arranger and
as an instrumentalist.
As a composer, his music was distinct and
original.  His melodies were masterpieces,
logically structured and filled with wit and
humor.  As an arranger, his linear approach
and clever use of counterpoint helped define
the standard for modern jazz orchestration.
As an instrumentalist, he was the most
significant baritone saxophonist in the history of
jazz.  He was a brilliant soloist, able to
communicate on both an intellectual and an
emotional level.
By using the full range of the instrument, he
developed a very personal sound that has been
widely imitated but never duplicated.
Gerry Mulligan single-handedly established the
baritone saxophone as a solo voice.
As one of the great jazz innovators, his writing
and playing influenced entire stylistic
movements, including both "cool jazz" and
"bossa nova."
He was born in New York on April 6th, 1927.  
His musical career began in the mid-1940's,
writing for a variety of bands, including Tommy
Tucker, Johnny Warrington, Elliot Lawrence,
Gene Krupa and Claude Thornhill.  During his
tenure with Thornhill, he worked with another
band arranger named Gil Evans.  Evans shared
Mulligan's concepts of a more linear writing
style, and together with Miles Davis, they
conceived what we now think of as "The Birth of
the Cool."
In the early 1950's, Mulligan moved to Los
Angeles and formed his monumental Pianoless
Quartet featuring Chet Baker.
The quartet was an instant success, and
Mulligan became an international jazz celebrity.  
This led to numerous engagements throughout
the world, as well as appearances on radio and
television, and in motion pictures.  In 1960 he
formed the Concert Jazz Band, a 13-piece
ensemble based on the idea of the pianoless
quartet. This gave the ensemble a much lighter
sound and texture and established new
standards for jazz orchestration.
From that point on, he continued to explore new
musical frontiers.  In addition to working with his
own groups, he also began writing for films,
musical theater, symphony orchestras and
chamber groups, and collaborating with artists
as diverse as Astor Piazzolla, Antonio Carlos
Jobim, Barry Manilow, Zubin Mehta, and many
outstanding American Performes.
His immense success and popularity contined to
take him to venus throughout the world. His
brilliant performances and articulate
commentary made him one of the great
ambassadors for American music. Music was
his focus and purpose in life, and he was able
to transcend barriers on both a musical and
personal level.  He left us a prolific legacy of
recordings from all phases of his career. The
body of work that he produced over six decades
establishes him as one of true giants of
twentieth century music.
His collection of manuscripts and recordings
has been donated to the Library of Congress.
The genius, magic, and beauty of Gerry
Mulligan's music has earned him immortality.

Ken Poston
Jazz historian

With permission by Mulligan Publishing Co., Inc.
short biography

The Band and Its Music

The Mulligan Mosaics Big Band was formed in early May 2006 and had
its first performance in July 2006 at Morseland on the North side of
Chicago. A member of big bands for years, this was the first time Ted
was leading his own big band. The performance was a success and the
newly formed band began to acquire a following. Since then they have
performed at FitzGerald's in Berwyn, Millennium Park in Chicago as part
of the 2006 Great Performers of Illinois festival, the 2007 Chicago Jazz
Festival, the 2007 Fox Jazz Fest (Menasha, WI), The Fox Note
(Princeton, WI), the 2008 Jazz Fest Glenn Ellyn, the 2008 Evanston Jazz
Festival, the McAninch Arts Center with guest vocalist Judi Silvano, and
Joe and Wayne Segal’s Jazz Showcase, where they recently recorded a
live concert for future release.

The Mulligan Mosaics Big Band is comprised of some of Chicago’s top
musicians, improvisers, and educators. All members of The Mulligan
Mosaics Big Band are nationally or internationally recognized.

Ted Hogarth, founder/leader, baritone sax, composer and arranger
Chris Madsen, alto saxophone, composer, arranger
Mark Colby, tenor saxophone and clarinet
Rob Denty, tenor saxophone and clarinet
Nick Moran, baritone saxophone and bass clarinet
Tim Coffman, trombone
Bryant Scott, trombone, composer and arranger
Thomas Matta, bass trombone, composer, arranger
Terry Connell, lead trumpet
Tom Tallman, trumpet
Art Davis, trumpet
Ed Breazeale, drums
website by:
The Origins of The Mulligan Mosaics Big Band
Written by Ted Hogarth

In addition to being a popular jazz performer in Chicago, Ted Hogarth
maintains a private teaching studio. During a lesson several years ago,
one of his students, Chris Weller, told Ted the wonderful story of how,
while in pursuit of a copy of Gerry's Entente for Baritone Saxophone and
Orchestra, the Library of Congress passed along the contact information
for Franca Mulligan, Gerry's widow and President of the Gerry and
Franca Mulligan Foundation. Chris said that Mrs. Mulligan was very
helpful to him, and since Chris knew of Ted's desire to study Gerry's
music, suggested that he contact Franca.
Ted had just completed a Master's Degree in Jazz Composition at
DePaul University in Chicago and was interested in studying some of the
scores for Gerry's Concert Jazz Band in order to understand how this
incredible music was constructed.  After an exhaustive search for the
arrangements on the Internet proved unsuccessful, Ted contacted Ken
Poston from the Los Angeles Jazz Institute - which houses some of
Gerry's music - about acquiring scores for research. Ken suggested that
Ted contact Franca directly and assured him that she would be a great
Ted called Franca and told her how much he admired Gerry's playing,
his lush sound, and his writing, and arranging, and that he wanted to
study the scores from the Concert Jazz Band. Franca graciously agreed
to send Ted copies of the music,  with the understanding that the music
was the property of Mulligan Publishing, Inc. and would be used for
study, research, and performance for fund-raising only. Ted explained
that he did not have a big band and was only interested in studying the
After emailing a list of requested scores, Franca called Ted and
suggested that he come to Connecticut to look through Gerry's private
library to select the pieces he wanted copied.  Ted was thrilled to have
the opportunity to see where Gerry composed, practiced and rehearsed
his groups.  Ted and his wife Lisa Rosenthal went to Connecticut for
three days in May 2006 for the first of many visits which would change
their lives.
The first visit was very productive with Ted collecting five scores for his
study.  Upon returning to Chicago Ted decided he not only wanted to
study this music, he wanted to perform it.  He formed a big band
comprised of his closest friends, who also happened to be the top
players in Chicago.
TED HOGARTH, founder / leader, baritone sax, composer and arranger